The images below helps you identify the difference between hand woven chair caning on the left and pre woven sheet chair caning on the right
This means the weaving holes are not drilled all the way through the back frame of a chair. The reason for this is the cane does not look good showing through the back of the chair. With seats it's OK to have the cane laced through to the other side as is the case with the hand woven picture just above to the left because no one sees the underside of the chair. The pegs are there to keep the stands of cane from coming out of the weaving holes because there is no way to tie them off on the back side. Of course this makes for a more time consuming process.
Generally speaking, there are two basic types of chair caning. The original being hand woven strand cane and the later alternative being the sheet caning method. The hand woven chair caning method involves thin strips of rattan cane or peel of various sizes that are sold in coils. The chair caner then weaves these strips of cane onto the chair strand by strand according to the weave pattern of the particular chair that is being caned. These strands of cane are laced through many holes drilled around the perimiter of the seat and/or back frame of the chair.
The most common weave pattern is known as the seven way pattern because it has two vertical strands, two horizontal strands, two diagonal strands and a 7th perimeter strand.
This 7th and last strand of cane serves the purpose of adding an additional measure of stregth to the weave by locking in the weave to help prevent unraveling. It also gives the weave a more finished and framed in look by hiding the holes.
Sometimes pegs are used to secure the hand woven chair caing strands in lieu the binder cane as shown below on this Lovely old English chair
Whether you're considering hiring a local artisan to restore your cane furniture or perhaps you're the DYI type, you will find the information you need right here on chaircaning.info
Chair caning has been around for hundreds of years. Chair cane is actually the peeled bark or skin of the rattan palm. Most rattan cane suitable for chair caning comes from the tropical regions of south and southeast Asia.
Cane is applied to chairs in many different ways depending upon various factors such as chair style and the manufacturing method used in the construction of the chair.
We hope you find the information we've provided here useful as you delve into the craft of chair caning...